No one is born a good citizen; no nation is born a democracy. Rather, both are processes that continue to evolve over a lifetime. Young people must be included from birth. A society that cuts itself off from its youth severs its lifeline; it is condemned to bleed to death.” - Kofi Annan, Secretary-General of the United Nations
Rotterdam is the second largest city in the Netherlands. It has about 600.000 inhabitants. Nearly half of the inhabitants of Rotterdam has roots in a different part of the world, mainly Surinam, Turkey, Morocco and the Dutch Antilles and Aruba. Rotterdam is a young city. In contrast with the rest of the Netherlands the share of youngsters in the total population grows. Rotterdam will be European Youth Capital in 2009. It will be a year for and by young people in Rotterdam and the rest of Europe and the world. During this year Rotterdam should transform into a lasting city for youngsters.
Rotterdam once was a port city. This former port city has transformed itself into a city with a port. Now 63% of the local economy consists of business services. Lately innovative entrepreneurs in animation, IT and new media settled in Rotterdam.
The port of Rotterdam remains one of the largest ports in the world. Goods are trans-shipped from ocean-going vessels to inland-going vessels, trucks, trains and vice versa. It’s important for the Dutch economy that the port of Rotterdam keeps growing. This makes it important for the port to remain accessible via different modes of transport.
Petrochemical industries are also present in the port of Rotterdam. This industry refines crude oils into various product, e.g. motor fuel and plastics. The petrochemical industries use not only ships, trucks and trains but also pipelines to transport raw materials and products.
A ring of highways surrounds the city of Rotterdam. Every day traffic jams occur. Busy roads also lay in the city itself. In and around the city also lay a lot of cycle paths. The public transport system consists of trains, trams, metro lines and busses. The local government wants to avoid unnecessary use of cars by stimulating the use of public transport and bicycles. The government also wants to make traffic more safe, so less people die or get hurt in traffic.
Rotterdam has a lot of inhabitants and there is a lot of traffic and industry. Traffic and industry emit CO2 and other toxics into the air and cause air pollution and climate change. To keep the living environment safe and clean it’s important to restrict the emission of these matters. The City of Rotterdam, the Port of Rotterdam, the regional environmental office (DCMR) and the businesses in the port cooperate to reduce the emission of CO2 and other toxic gasses by 50% in 2025 in comparison with the emissions in 1990. They established a task force to reach this goal. This task force is called the Rotterdam Climate Initiative (RCI). The RCI develops policies on five themes: Sustainable city, Energizing city, Sustainable mobility, Innovationlab en Sustainable energy port.
Gdynia is a young, modern and vivid city immersed in the scenic coastal landscape. Inhabitated by the population of 255 thousand, together with the neighbouring cities of Sopot and Gdańsk, Gdynia makes a thriving agglomeration of nearly 1 million. When visiting Gdynia, it is hard to believe that merely a hundred years ago it was but a calm fishing village and a beach resort.
Gdynia is one of the few cities where the port is located near the city centre. The link between the two can best be seen in the stately Molo Południowe (the Southern Pier). This is where the heartbeat of the city is best heard. The seashore cafes, pubs and taverns are always humming with people, and so is Gdynia Marina, the biggest yachting port in Poland.
The city’s landmark is Skwer Kościuszki (Kościuszki Square) with two famous vessels berthed there. The WW2 destroyer ORP “Błyskawica” and the “Dar Pomorza”, one of the world’s most beautiful tall ships, are now museum-vessels. The only Polish Aquarium with thousands specimens of ocean flora and fauna as well as Cruise Ships’ Avenue resembling the famous Hollywood walk of fame, are also located there. Other interesting Gdynia sites are: Bulwar Nadmorski, a nearly two-kilometre promenade along the seaside; Kamienna Góra, a splendid viewing point and garden-city in the very heart of Gdynia; Świętojańska street, called “the shoppers paradise”; and Orłowo, a cozy seaside district with the wooden pier and monumental cliff – one of the most commonly photographed natural sites in Poland.
Gdynia is a city of open-minded, friendly and dynamic people who are proud of where they live. The winds are fair here, not only for the sailors, but for the inhabitants and entrepreneurs as well. The winds inspire to take even the greatest challenges, like a lot of investments in infrastructure, transportation or culture.
The city is well connected to other parts of the country and is easily reached either by car, train, bus, plane, or by sea. It is beneficial to the city’s booming economy and one of the lowest unemployment rates in Poland.
There are several universities in Gdynia, of which the most important are: Naval Academy, Gdynia Maritime Academy, Faculty of Biology, Geography and Oceanology of the University of Gdańsk, as well as Business and Administration School. Considered the best in Poland, The Third High School is Gdynia’s cream of the crop. However, other high schools, also vocational, are of a very high standard. It is why Gdynia youth is one of the best educated in Poland.
The city boasts of the modern, efficient, and disabled friendly urban transport. The dense bus network makes a journey from even the farthest districts easy and short. Moreover, Gdynia is one of the few European cities using the trolleybus network, which has resulted in reduced emissions. Every new vehicle in urban transport has fulfilled strict emission norms: Euro I-EURO IV. In 2007, the first CNG-powered buses MAN Lion’s City G CNG appeared on the streets of Gdynia. The use of alternative fuels in public transport has reduced emissions and improved the quality of life in the city.
The commuter train holding regular and fast services within the agglomeration is a means of transport of equal importance. The bike has also grown in popularity in recent years. Urban cycle paths and off-road routes enable bikers to travel between all city’s districts as well as the surrounding cities. Apart from the urban cycle paths along the main streets, there is a dense off-road cycle route network in the forests of the Tricity Landscape Park (Trójmieski Park Krajobrazowy).
With a view to efficiently linking the port and industrial areas with the national road network, the city invests in traffic and transport infrastructure. Over the course of next couple of years, it is planned to build a passenger airport as well as a new ferry terminal.
Czy masz co najmniej 8 lat i chęć popracować jako dziennikarz? Czy chciałabyś/ chciałbyś zobaczyć swoją pracę opublikowaną w sieci?
Czy chciałabyś/chciałbyś zrobić coś dla ochrony klimatu, a nie tylko słuchać, jak wszyscy o tym mówią?
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